As proven in Figure 2, a bacteriophage lands on a cell and pins itself to the cell. The phage can then penetrate the cell membrane and inject the viral DNA into the host cell.
In most cases, rather than viral DNA being injected into an animal cell, a section of the membrane encases the virus and the cell then absorbs both the virus and the encasing part of the membrane into the cell. In order for a cell to be transformed by a virus, the viral DNA should be entered into the host cell. The simplest consideration is viral transformation of a bacterial cell.
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Silent mutations code for the same amino acid as a result of degenerate code, so the same protein is produced. Frameshift mutation can even have a dramatic impact on the polypeptide sequence even causing inhibition of protein operate. It involves … Read MoreRead More »