The closer an electron is to the nucleus of an atom, the much less energy it has; the farther away from the nucleus, the extra energy it has. It was Democritus, in reality, who first used the word atomos to explain the smallest possible particles of matter. An atom is the smallest particle of a element that has all the properties of that factor.
To get some thought of this comparability, imagine a pea positioned in the center of a large football stadium. If the pea represents the nucleus of an atom, the closest electrons in the atom could be spinning around outside the outermost reaches of the stadium’s higher seats. The time period electron orbit is not really appropriate, even if it does help perceive what an electron’s path seems like.
His terminology for what we now name an atom of, for instance, oxygen, was half molecule. Similar reasoning … Read MoreRead More »