The state of the question as received by Copernicus is summarized in the Theoricae novae planetarum by Georg von Peuerbach, compiled from lecture notes by Peuerbach’s pupil Regiomontanus in 1454, however not printed till 1472. Peuerbach attempts to offer a brand new, mathematically extra elegant presentation of Ptolemy’s system, but he doesn’t arrive at heliocentrism. Regiomontanus was the trainer of Domenico Maria Novara da Ferrara, who was in turn the teacher of Copernicus. There is a chance that Regiomontanus already arrived at a concept of heliocentrism earlier than his dying in 1476, as he paid explicit consideration to the heliocentric principle of Aristarchus in a late work, and mentions the “movement of the Earth” in a letter. Relating to a mannequin of the solar system or universe having the Sun as the center.
The affair was revived in 1820, when the Master of the Sacred Palace (the Catholic Church’s chief … Read MoreRead More »