Regularly donates data-rich specimens to the National Museums Scotland collections. Ongoing collaborations involve several projects on specific dipteran groups, particularly on taxonomic and conservation subjects. In recent years we have acquired a number of large and scientifically important collections of marine invertebrates through collaboration with a variety of institutions with an emphasis on retaining samples from British waters. Our Invertebrate collections date from the mid-1800s and include samples of many different groups of animals. Schools Bring the Curriculum for Excellence to life with the help of the national collections.

Hoverflies of several species are common and particularly enjoy feeding on teasel flowers and poppies, harvesting the pollen for food. Although they can damage plants and particularly seedlings, they also play an important role in feeding on dead and dying vegetation and helping to recycle garden waste naturally. We only undertake limited slug control when necessary to protect valuable plants and new seedlings, relying on other wildlife that feed on them to control numbers. The broken shells of snails can often be found on the Limestone Rock Garden, where thrushes use the rocks as anvils. To find out more about the invertebrates living in each environment, follow the links. Woodland supports thousands, probably millions, of insects and invertebrates that live among the leaves, under bark, in dead wood and on the woodland floor.

The second survey was designed and delivered after we had received and analyzed the results of the first, in an attempt to benchmark and compare the assumptions and beliefs of invertebrate scientists about the science communication with the public, with public responses on the same topic. For pragmatic reasons, this second survey was carried out in only one country rather than internationally. While the results of the two surveys cannot therefore be directly compared, we believe there is merit to this approach. This is reinforced by the first survey not indicating substantive differences in response by geographical region. Our second questionnaire was entirely anonymous, comprising 21 questions (Survey 2; see Supplementary Material).

However, the importance of programs directed at children was repeatedly raised, as they are seemingly more open to new information. Several respondents, therefore, reported working closely with schools and local groups on a regular basis. The need for more regular programs for adults and teenagers was also raised. It has been shown that well-structured outreach programs can greatly benefit the public (e.g., Metz et al., 2018).

69 of the NERC species are registered as ‘Research Only’ to indicate that further information is required to elucidate the scale of and reason for their decline. Of the remainder, 33 (15%) are believed to be extinct in Wales and several others, including the belted beauty moth Lycia zonaria and the soldierfly Odontomyia hydroleon, are seriously endangered. Invertebrates are recognised as Qualifying Features on 158 SSSIs, represented by 88 different species across 14 Orders. Forest Research has a team of entomologists with research experience on the sampling, ecology and management of a wide variety of invertebrates. There is considerable diversity of species within many invertebrate groups.