Christianity And Mathematics

His observations strongly supported a Sun-centred model known as the Heliocentric model, previously suggested by astronomers like Nicolaus Copernicus. Engraving showing the orbits of the planets in the solar system, minus Neptune and Pluto which had not yet been discovered. Illustrated plate taken from ‘Experimenta Nova’ by German scientist Otto von Guericke , showing planets orbiting the Sun. Galileo published Dialogue Concerning the Two Chief Systems of the World – Ptolemaic and Copernican. It takes the form of a dialogue between Salviati, who argues for the Copernican system, and Simplicio who is an Aristotelian philosopher.

This vlog style film explores the work of Mary Anning; the famous paleontologist and fossil hunter. They could define the keywords featured in the film, and find five or more pieces of additional pieces of information about the work of the scientists using books, encyclopedias or the internet. Pupils can write their own definitions from these words using the internet or science dictionaries to improve their scientific vocabularies. This film shows how Nicolaus Copernicus; an early astronomer, scientist and priest in Poland, thought the sun was at the centre of the solar system.

The climax of the book is an argument by Salviati that the Earth moves which was based on Galileo’s theory of the tides. Now Galileo’s theory of the tides was entirely false despite being postulated after Kepler had already put forward the correct explanation. Augustine argued against two types of attack on the truth of the creation story in Genesis. The first of these were arguments based purely on logic, for example that the “day” is defined by the passage of the Sun in the sky so to talk, as in Genesis, of several days passing before the Sun was created makes no sense. The next best thing to owning the original artwork, with a soft textured natural surface, our fine art reproduction prints meet the standard of most critical museum curators.

This is a fitting description because Saturn was the Roman version of the Greek god Cronus, who is infamous for eating all his children. Saturn is tilted 27 degrees with respect to its orbit around the Sun. Because of this, the amount of Saturn’s rings we can see from Earth varies as it goes around the Sun.

Distant stars can be seen because they are so hot and powerful emitters of electromagnetic radiation eg visible light. However, historically, stars, planes, comets, our Moon have all been successfully discovered, observed, mapped and plotted via naked eye observations and astronomical tables of data assembled. Over the following centuries more evidence for the heliocentric model increased, helped by the technological advances in astronomy eg improved telescope designs. We now recognise that the Earth and other planets are moving around our Sun in elliptical orbits.

A correction must be applied to observation times to allow for the Earth-Sun light-time component in the direction of the star. The resulting corrected time is often referred to as Heliocentric Julian Date but this is misleading because it implies a universal time scale instead of being specific to the star being observed. Telescopes off much better light gathering power than the naked eye and the lens and lens-reflecting mirror systems can produced greatly magnified images and can peer into deep space totally inaccessible to the naked eye. ‘Polar satellites’ have relatively low orbits and the Earth rotates under them. But the object is already moving, so the force of gravity causes it to change direction – speed is constant, but change in direction means acceleration is taking place. Here the resultant centripetal force of gravity is acting towards the centre, so always directing the object to ‘fall’ towards the centre of motion .

The Catholic Church was not too impressed by the scientific model challenging the religious view of how our ‘universe’ works. On a larger scale, the manned international space station is effectively a giant satellite performing all sorts of scientific functions. The centripetal force stops the object from going off at a tangent in a straight line. Unlike the planet orbits, which are all in a narrow plane, comet orbits are at all sorts of angles with respect to the plane of our solar system.

In fact, it was Father Lamaitre, not Albert Einstein, who in 1922 created the scientific “provable” science of our common Theocosmology created an atheistic explanation of how our world came to be. The committee initiated the publication of a collection of studies dealing with the effect that Copernicus’ theory has had on scientific developments in centres of learning all over the world. We found that our initiative aroused a lively interest among Copernicus scholars; the present volume, with 11 articles by authors from nine American, Asian and European countries, contains the result of their research. It appears in the series ‘Studia Coper­ nicana’ by agreement with the Polish Academy of Science, and we hope to publish a number of other contributions in a subsequent volume.

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