Plant reproduction is a process that aims to increase the number of plant species or certain cultivars, in general, there are two types of plant reproduction, namely:
• Sexual reproduction
• Asexual reproduction
And in nature, almost all plants reproduce sexually by producing viable seeds.
Sexual reproduction involves bringing together “male” pollen and “female” egg cells to produce seeds. A seed is composed of three parts, namely the seed coat as the seed protector, the endosperm as a food reserve, and the embryo which is a plant candidate. When the seeds have matured and are in a suitable environment, they will begin to germinate, which in general there are two types of sexual propagation, namely isogamy, and heterogamy.
Advantages and disadvantages
As for sexual breeding, there are advantages and disadvantages which include:
Plants grown through seeds in living conditions have a deep root system so that … Read More