Atom: Exploration of 5 Types of Atomic Models

Atom: Exploration of 5 Types of Atomic Models

ATOM- In chemistry lessons, atoms also have several types of models. Wow, how many models are there? Curious? let’s just explore 5 types of atomic models!

As previously mentioned, there are 5 atomic models, including Squad. How come there are 5, huh? You can! The atomic model has developed over time. Starting from the simplest to the most sophisticated as it is today. Let’s start getting to know each other, shall we?

Dalton’s Atomic Model

The simplest atomic model is the Dalton atomic model, proposed by John Dalton, a British scientist. According to this model of the atom, the atom is a solid sphere with no charge. In addition, according to this atomic theory, the atom is the smallest unit that cannot be subdivided. Different chemical elements will have different types of atoms.

Thompson’s Atomic Model

The second atomic model is the Thompson atomic model. As the name … Read More

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Hormones- All hormones must be in a balanced state so that they do not cause bad effects on the body’s systems or make them unfit for use.

As reported by Ehow, NLM, MedicineNet, and netdoctor, of the hundreds of hormones available, here are the 10 most important hormones in the human body, namely:


This hormone is produced in the pineal gland and functions as an antioxidant and controls sleep. A deficiency or a lack of this hormone can cause insomnia, difficulty sleeping or insomnia, mood swings, and other physical and psychological problems.


Serotonin hormone is produced in the digestive tract. Therefore, this hormone functions to control mood or mood, appetite, and sleep.

Excess serotonin can cause anxiety, confusion, increased heart rate, dilated pupils, loss of muscle coordination, sweating, diarrhea, vomiting, seizures, high fever, irregular heartbeat, uncontrollable movements, and loss of consciousness, according to the National Institute of … Read More

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Science Education: 3 Reasons to Study in this Course

Science Education: 3 Reasons to Study in this Course

Science Education- Maybe we often hear about biology education, chemistry education, and physics education study programs. However, have you ever heard of the science education study program?

Yes, indeed, of the 3 majors, we can say this study program is a relatively new study program. Science education is a study program in which the study of education and science itself.

The formation of this study program is the result of the mandate of the Minister of National Education Number 22 of 2006 which states that packaging science learning into a unified whole.

Then, why should you choose the science education study program over other study programs?

Here are 3 reasons why you should study in this study program.

1. Can Study Chemistry, Physics, and Biology at the same time

For those of you who like exact subjects (physics, chemistry, biology), you will not confuse again about choosing a major, because … Read More

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What Roles Do Diets Play In Your Social Life?

As the saying goes, “No man is an Island.” The interdependence of human beings is the major reason human interactions are important and cannot be overlooked.

People interact with other people in different ways, but one unifying factor in all human interactions is the need to feel a sense of belonging. In Maslow’s Hierarchy of Needs Theory, The need for love and belonging comes after the fulfillment of safety needs. Once a person feels safe, they begin to seek love and find a community to belong to.

A person’s social life is affected by many factors, and these factors go on to determine how the person navigates human relationships. On Collected.Reviews, users describe how some factors, like diet, have influenced their social life.

Also, people on the internet have a lot of opinions on diet regimes and the effects of these diet regimes on their lives, especially their social … Read More

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5 Ways Online Shopping Has Contributed to Making Our Lives Easier

Think of the stress that comes with shopping from a store and then contrast it with the ease of shopping online. This alongside the opinions of users on already tells you a lot about how the internet and continuous advancement in technology has changed our lives.

There are several benefits of online shopping, but here are 5 amazing ways online shopping has contributed to making our lives easier.

1.      Finding a product is easier

Today, there are several things about online stores that make finding a product easy. There is virtually no item that you are looking for today that you will not find on the internet. You will not only find the item that you are looking for, you will also find the store that offers such an item.

By visiting the website of the store, you can read through the reviews of past customers to find … Read More

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7 Study-Tips For Your Chemistry Courses

So you’ve spent a lot of time studying and are still having trouble with your tests. So, what’s next? Firstly, remember that you are not alone; even the best students struggled with chemistry at one point or another, so stick with it! BritainReviewshas the proper feedback to help you through this.

As a student, do not rely on only what you are taught in class; go for free courses online to better understand complex topics and join others for online quizzes. Make good use of your electronic devices (phones and systems) but check reviews about electronic shops in the Uk to help your online Chemistry courses.

Here are some helpful tips

1.  It takes time to learn chemistry!

You must devote time to practising chemistry, just as you must devote time to practising sports or learning a foreign language. We don’t expect you to understand anything right away; in … Read More

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8 Courses Many Students Prefer To Study Online

There is little mystery as to why eLearning online courses have become so popular, as it provides students with a range of benefits that traditional courses cannot offer. You can look up some of these benefits on one of the reliable review platforms in the US,

And as eLearning becomes more feasible as courses adapt to the internet, course providers may have an easier time determining which courses are popular and why. Thus, here are the top ten online courses that students select.

1.  Information Technology

Information technology is a rapidly increasing sector, with online courses offered by a growing number of contemporary online course providers projected to become more prevalent soon as primary and secondary schools incorporate coding and data processing into their curricula. Students are often attracted to the course due to the benefits it provides in the workplace.

Workplaces are becoming increasingly automated and reliant … Read More

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Science fiction is endless fun for the people who appreciate thoughtful hypothesis. As a genre, science fiction encourages rule-breaking, and critical imagination or assumption. Science fiction writers are extraordinary people that stumble upon an accurate prediction.

If you are looking to get any of these books or other science books that predicted the future, then you should check at Ad Libris. It is also important that you read reviews of the book store or any other company you intend to patronize in Finland on Suomiarvostelut. You will be able to get strong clues about the reliability of the company based on the experience of other people in Finland who have used the company. This article will be emphasizing on classic science fiction books that predicted the future.


1.             Gulliver’s Travels by Jonathan Swift (1726)

2.             Twenty Thousand … Read More

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Definition of Plant Breeding

Plant reproduction is a process that aims to increase the number of plant species or certain cultivars, in general, there are two types of plant reproduction, namely:
• Sexual reproduction
• Asexual reproduction
And in nature, almost all plants reproduce sexually by producing viable seeds.
Sexual reproduction
Sexual reproduction involves bringing together “male” pollen and “female” egg cells to produce seeds. A seed is composed of three parts, namely the seed coat as the seed protector, the endosperm as a food reserve, and the embryo which is a plant candidate. When the seeds have matured and are in a suitable environment, they will begin to germinate, which in general there are two types of sexual propagation, namely isogamy, and heterogamy.
Advantages and disadvantages
As for sexual breeding, there are advantages and disadvantages which include:
• Advantages
Plants grown through seeds in living conditions have a deep root system so that … Read More

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The Arrangement of the Solar System

The Arrangement of the Solar System. The solar system is where a collection of celestial bodies consisting of the sun (stars), planets, natural satellites, meteors, asteroids, and also comets that will revolve around the sun or often called evolve.

The Arrangement of the Solar System. The sun is the center of the solar system because all celestial bodies will rotate around the sun with an elliptical trajectory. In each revolution, the members of the solar system at one time objects are close to the sun. The point closest to the sun is called the perihelium and also the farthest point is called the aphelion.

The composition of the Solar System

The sun

The sun is a true star that will produce light rays, then will give off its rays as the center of the solar system. With almost the entire mass of the solar system that will accumulate up to … Read More

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Some of the Benefits of Ultrasonic Sound

Some of the Benefits of Ultrasonic Sound. Definition of Sound
Sound is vibration. For example, pond water gurgles, the wind in the trees, and the sound of dogs barking.

Some of the Benefits of Ultrasonic Sound. So, the sound is vibration. However, not all vibrations can produce sound. There are some objects that are vibrating, but the sound cannot be heard. If the number of vibrations of an object per unit of time does not meet a certain number, the resulting sound cannot be heard.

Sounds whose frequency is less than 20 Hz cannot be heard by normal human ears. Sounds in this frequency area are called infrasound. Likewise, sounds with frequencies above 20,000 Hz.

The rate of sound propagation in the air at room temperature is approximately 340 m / s. Currently, there are many aircraft, especially the type of fighter aircraft that can fly at speeds … Read More

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Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animal Groupings

Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animal Groupings. Vertebrates and invertebrates are two groups of animals with different structures in their bodies. There are so many animals that exist on this earth.
One of the ways to distinguish them is by looking at the structure of their bodies. Then what are invertebrates and vertebrates?

Vertebrates and Invertebrates

Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animal Groupings. There are many types of animals that exist on earth. Meanwhile, there are groups of animals that are divided into two based on the structure of their bodies.
These animals are a group of vertebrates and a group of invertebrates. The following is an explanation of the two groups of animals.

Vertebrate Animal Group

Vertebrate animals are a type of animal group that has a backbone. With this understanding, animals belonging to the vertebrate group are animals that have a backbone.

Read also: Understanding Atom By Expert

Besides that, there is … Read More

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Understanding Atom By Expert


Understanding Atom By Expert. According to Leucippus and Democritus, the notion of an atom is the smallest part of a material that cannot be further divided into certain parts. Atoms are the constituent of all matter in the world.


Understanding Atom By Expert. According to John Dalton, the meaning of an atom is the smallest particle rather than a substance that cannot be broken down into smaller particles through ordinary chemical reactions.


According to Joseph John Thompson, the meaning of an atom is a ball that is positively charged and surrounded by electrons which are like raisin bread.

Read also : Vertebrate and Invertebrate Animal Groupings

Ernest Rutherford

According to Ernest Rutherford, the definition of an atom is a particle consisting of protons and neutrons and is surrounded by electrons.
There is an emphasis that must be understood by everyone that … Read More

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For runners in a race, speeding up might require defying our natural biology that’s been learnt through millions of years of evolution, scientists at Stanford University in California report. The aim of the US centre, which has opened in Montana, is to build vehicles for future customers who want or need to travel over terrains challenging for regular ground vehicles. Researchers from from Julius-Maximilians-Universität Würzburg found that diners choose more eco-friendly meals when the carbon footprint of each dish is printed on the menu. Experts from the Wildlife and Countryside Link, a coalition of nature groups, want gardeners to buy British to avoid bringing in new invasive species that could threaten more of Britain’s nature. The animals are selective about seeking out a particular type of coral which has medicinal properties in the mucus it releases, according to researchers at the University of Zurich.

AI is ‘equal to or better … Read More

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Primary Science Resource Packages

Everyone studying GCSE-level science is welcome to join our lessons, whether you’re taking the course at school, college or remotely. The sessions are for different stages of learning – whether you’re partway through the course or close to completing it. To help all GCSE-level students continue to engage with Science learning, our lessons are taughy byPrimrose Kitten, an experienced Science teacher with a passion for helping students to achieve their best. To help manage the ongoing disruption of Covid-19, and support GCSE teaching and learning, we are offering a series of free on-demand lessons for English, Maths and Science.

For instance, when we teach digestion to our year 8s we will now build in a 5-minute VR activity. And in our Space module, when we’re learning about the different planets and the solar system, we can spend 5 or 10 minutes of the lesson taking them on a trip … Read More

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Basic Genetics

Flemming concluded that cells replicate by way of cell division, to be more particular mitosis. As RIP mutation is historically noticed to be restricted to repetitive areas and not single copy areas, Fudal et al. instructed that leakage of RIP mutation may occur inside a comparatively quick distance of a RIP-affected repeat. “I was very surprised by the whole quantity and frequency that they found,” says Harvard geneticist Robert Green. The bizarre thing is, none of the people whose DNA was studied have been sick.

The focus forming assay (FFA) is used to grow cells containing a transforming oncogene on a monolayer of non-reworked cells. The remodeled cells will type raised, dense spots on the pattern as they grow with out contact inhibition. This assay is highly delicate in comparison with different assays used for viral evaluation, such as the yield discount assay.

This was adopted by the discovery of … Read More

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Galt Science Lab

Whilst it’s clear that the delivery of a science lesson can be enhanced by the laboratory in which the teaching takes place, it is important that the practitioner is not forgotten during the design process. As previously mentioned, a dedicated area for the teacher where demonstrations of practical experiments can take place is essential. This must be well designed to allow a consistently clear view for all pupils to encourage and motivate them throughout the lessons. Movement around the class is essential and designers should work hard to provide a clear pathway within the laboratory. A desirable place to work can attract new teachers to the school and assist in ensuring the long term commitment of those staff currently employed. This makes it an important design consideration for the laboratory.

Laboratory 21reports on design concepts to modernise learning environments by analysing forms of teaching, end users’ needs and design inspiration. … Read More

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10 Alternative Science Careers

Maintenance Engineer An engineering technician, responsible for ensuring the continuous running of machinery and equipment, organising routine maintenance procedures and carrying out repairs. Laboratory Co-ordinator The Laboratory Co-ordinator in the pharmaceuticals industry supervise Quality Assurance laboratory work in support of pharmaceutical manufacturing operations. Graduate Engineer The Graduate Engineer is a recent graduate in engineering, who provides technical advice and evaluation of operations, with the objective of plant optimisation. Graduate Engineer A recent graduate in an engineering discipline who provides technical advice and evaluation of operations for plant optimisation . Engineering Team Manager The Engineering Team Manager is responsible for managing engineering work in a particular section of a pharmaceuticals production plant. Director Production / Technical The Director is responsible for the safe operation and production on the site and is normally the leading Site Director.

The need for relevant work experience can’t be stressed too much, whether this comes … Read More

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110 Great Science Is Fun Ideas

For best results use a large shallow container that you can put on the floor, like a sand/water tray. Mix together cornflour and water until you have a slime consistency. Roll some slime into a ball in your hand and then stop – it turns back into a liquid. This is a nice easy activity that you can set up and leave the children to explore on their own . You’ll need a tray (or shallow box/crate), a selection of objects with interesting details and/or textures, and a few magnifying glasses. To extend this activity you could ask the children to draw some of the details/patterns that they find.

A collection of fun, practical science activities for children. With so many EYFS science experiments to choose from out there, it can be hard to find the right activities for your early years setting. STEAM stands for science, technology, engineering, art, … Read More

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Centre For Health Sciences Education

Read or download all our reports, publications and consultation responses. You can also use these options and change the printer destination to save the content as a PDF. Pupils have access to sufficient practical resources to take part in demanding practical work, either independently or in appropriately sized groups that enable first-hand experiences. Pupils have regular opportunities in the early years and primary classrooms to learn vocabulary through story and non-fiction books, rhymes, songs and oral rehearsal. Disciplinary encounters should take pupils beyond their everyday experiences. This should not be restricted by an over-cautious approach to health and safety, which can limit the range of practical work.

These are explicitly addressed, and pupils learn how the misconception is different to the scientific idea. Sufficient curriculum time is allocated for pupils to embed what they have learned in long-term memory through extensive practice before moving on to new content. If … Read More

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Bsc Hons Sport And Exercise Science, Edinburgh

Full-time students must apply through the Universities & Colleges Admissions Service . You will have the opportunity to study abroad at one of our partner universities as part of your degree. Guidance on preparatory reading for applicants interested in Computer Science, as well as guidance on developing practical experience. All applicants for Computer Science are required to take the Test of Mathematics for University Admission at an authorised assessment centre , for which you must be registered in advance. In Year 1, you can typically expect 20 hours of teaching every week, including up to 12 lectures and practical classes. A guide to the transferable skills you can develop during the course of a Natural Sciences degree.

For more information on further study and to find a course that interests you, seeMasters degreesandsearch for postgraduate courses in medical sciences. Medical sciences courses can differ from biomedical science courses in that … Read More

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What Is Mutation? Definition Of Mutation, Mutation Meaning

Furthermore, a change in primary construction is crucial as a result of the absolutely folded tertiary structure of a protein is dependent upon the first structure. The discovery was made all through a sequence of experiments in the Nineteen Sixties that discovered that lowered and denatured RNase in its unfolded kind could refold into the native tertiary type. Since the construction of proteins determines its operate, it’s crucial that a protein be folded correctly into its tertiary type in order that the protein will function properly.

mRNA has a secondary construction that is not essentially linear like that of DNA, thus the shape that accompanies complementary bonding within the construction can have significant results. For example, if the mRNA molecule is comparatively unstable, then it may be rapidly degraded by enzymes in the cytoplasm. If the RNA molecule is extremely secure, and the complementary bonds are strong and proof against … Read More

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Secondary Science Academy

Academies can run into controversy because they address topics that are sensitive but of central importance such as right-to-die legislation, immunization, etc. You will only receive the latest news and articles from EuroScientist. EuroScientist is the official publication of EuroScience, the non-profit grassroots association of researchers in Europe. The easiest way to get the article on your site is to embed the code below.

Through SAINS45, the Indonesian Science Agenda, the Academy has launched a consultative process on the role of science in addressing critical issues that face the nation. Building on that profile AIPI can strengthen its consultations with both the community and the Government. Some time ago I attended a workshop with the Indonesian Academy of Sciences – to discuss ideas and options for a greater role of AIPI in the Indonesian knowledge sector. For several years its role was relatively neglected due to limited resources. Over the … Read More

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